As the oil market awaits OPEC’s upcoming decision on whether to extend production cuts for a second time (beyond March 2018), the fact of the matter is that this decision will largely be made by two countries, one of which is not even in OPEC. The interplay of Saudi-Russian relations represents a major pivot point for oil. But Saudi influences on the oil market are not limited to short-term output decisions. Other variables include 1) the extent to which Saudi seems to be experiencing problems with oilfield productivity; 2) how the government is planning for long-term oil prices vis-à-vis its economic diversification strategy; 3) the long-standing geopolitical strife with Iran; and 4) the highly anticipated but delayed IPO of Saudi Aramco. Last week, we hosted an investor call covering all of these topics with Prem Kumar, a former senior White House official on the National Security Council and currently a Mid-East expert at the Washington-based strategic advisory firm Albright Stonebridge Group. In this Stat, we will build on our takeaways from this discussion with our own inferences and interpretations about what to expect from Saudi in the years ahead.